Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Week 9 Australia

What is the similarity between the Australian and US governance systems, and how does this differ from New Zealand.


  1. Australia and the US both have a bicameral system of government, with two houses (of parliament), a Federal, State and Local Government body. This results in a high devolution of power to the State and Local Level which establish legislation for, and evolve quite different planning systems between states.

    In both Australia and the United States the Federal Government influences planning through controlling funding, and orienting funding towards certain activities.

    In New Zealand, there are fewer checks and balances, and a unicameral parliament. The system of government is highly centralised, without State Government. There are few ways for local government to raise revenue or undertake activities beyond core service provision.

    Luke Carey

  2. Michelle Burns 5364129October 1, 2014 at 4:01 PM

    Australia and the United States have a similar federal system where governance is shared between the national and state governments. Federal governance consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate (whose responsibilities are delineated in a written constitution), and the Federal Government only exists through agreement of the states and territories. At the State level, this federalisation of power allows for the establishment of different planning systems and legislation between the various states.
    Although Australia and New Zealand are both constitutional monarchies, NZ’s system is unicameral (with no states) with Parliament having far more control, especially in terms of influencing planning. However, this leaves Local Government with restricted abilities (especially in terms of generating revenue) as well as being subject to Central Government’s agenda due to it being a creature of statute.

    Michelle Burns 5364129

  3. Australia and the USA consist of bicameral governance structures.

    Federal system governments in both countries attain authority from individual states, which compared to New Zealand’s central government, has limited power. However the federal government does regulate matters such as migration and trade.

    Local government states have more control over resource use, however some territorial governments such as Northern Territory cannot make legislative changes. This dual governance structure reveals a complex hierarchal planning system.

    New Zealand consists of a unicameral governance system with less checks and balances (e.g. no upper house in parliament). The centralised government system creates difficulties for local government departments to generate revenue for local and regional projects, as well as participating in the planning process.

    Jaiman Patel - 1844168

  4. Robyn Kvalsvig (2710997)October 3, 2014 at 4:07 PM

    Australia and the US government have a federal system which exists because the states have agreed that they need it. The government is bicameral with federal government making decisions about health, trade and funding. State decisions include education and resource management, the two levels of government ensure accountability between them.

    New Zealand government is unicameral giving Central Government more control to make decisions and local government implements them. This encourages collaboration between parties for the best outcome and support to complete decisions. There is no upper house to ensure accountability therefore the government relies on the public for this role.

    Robyn Kvalsvig

  5. Sarah Adams 2573646October 3, 2014 at 5:48 PM

    Australia and the US both have a federal governance system. Central government exists at the agreement of the states, which have a high degree of autonomy and make their own legislation. Central Government, with limited power, sets basic standards and gives guidance to the lower levels of government.

    New Zealand, on the other hand, has a unicameral system where Central Government is in control. Local Government exists because of Central Government, to manage districts around the nation with very limited power. Having only one house of representatives as opposed to two (such as Australia), means there are less checks and balances.

  6. Ashley Tan (5296023)October 3, 2014 at 6:21 PM

    Australia and the US both have a bicameral government system. Both of these countries have a parliament (although it is called a congress in the US) and is composed of a House of Representatives and a Senate. The House is elected by the population whilst the Senate will represent the State. Both of these countries have an independent judiciary (Supreme Court in the US and the High Court in Australia), whom act as a final court of appeals.

    On the other hand, New Zealand has a unicameral government system. There is a centralised government system which give them more control to make decisions, whilst the responsibility for implementation lies within local government.

    Ashley Tan (5296023)

  7. Australia and US both have a bicameral government system. Both of them are composed of a House of Representative and a Senate. They shared power between national and state and local government have more authority.

    On the other hand, New Zealand is a unicameral government system country where central government has more authority to make decisions. Very limited power in Local Government and One House of Representatives (no Senate) will less balance.

    Simiao Zou 2681401

  8. Australia and the United States both have bicameral governance systems with federal governments at central level, and states and territories beneath. Central government only exists because local government allows it. They have restricted powers and mainly influence planning through funding. Planning power is decentralised to state level.

    New Zealand has a unicameral governance system, with a central government and local government consisting of 78 councils. This means less checks and balances as decisions only go through one House of Representatives. Planning is very centralised in comparison, particularly with the RMA, NPS’s, LTMA, and NZTA that influence planning throughout the country.

    Sarah Burgess
    ID: 53163463

  9. Australia and the US adopt a similar bicameral federal system. The distribution of governance is determined by the States, which have greater power and local responsibility because they obtain greater statutory power to levy taxes and influence strategic planning and policies etc. The main responsibility that the federal government obtains is funding and has very little local influence.

    NZ’s system is unicameral; one central government (hybrid of Federal and State power) and a constitutionality formed local government (tawdry version of States). In comparison, federal system actually allows a fair bottom-up approach, NZ’s unicameral system means local government get delegated limited power to implement non-cross-examined decisions made at a national level.

    Jessie (Jia Qin) Xie

  10. Australia and the US both have a bicameral government system with two houses of parliament, a state, and local government body. In this federal governance system, central government exists at the agreement of the states, which is highly autonomous and has the right to make their own legislation. Governance power is decentralized, as Central government has limited means to influence state governance.
    New Zealand, on the other hand consists of a unicameral governance system with less checks and balance. The power is centralized with limited power and resources dedicated to local government. It creates difficulties for local government to carry out projects. For example, the public transport project proposed by local government is hard to implement, as its revenue is mainly from rates, thus limited funding and support.
    Jenna Wu

  11. Kerryanne Lewis (5736818)October 12, 2014 at 10:49 AM

    Australia and the US have bicameral governance systems where there is a federal government and state governments. The federal government exists because the state governments have agreed on it. It has limited functions, so the states have significant planning and decision-making power over their states.

    New Zealand has a unicameral governance system where central government has more power than local government, so decision-making is more centralised. Local government is mainly just responsible for local service and infrastructure provision under the LGA 2002. New Zealand does not have an upper house, resulting in less checks and balances over decisions.

    Kerryanne Lewis (5736818)

  12. Both Australia and US have bicameral government system with both House of Representatives elected by people and House of Senate representing the State. The Federal government only exists at agreement of the states. It has less power but guide the local govt planning through funding controls. Each state is highly autonomous with ability to make own legislations and planning system.

    Although Australia and NZ both have constitutional monarchies, the NZ government system is unicameral without an upper house in the parliament, therefore central government has more control over funding and planning. Consequently, local governments often find themselves powerless in influencing planning and funding decision.

    ID: 5741596

  13. Both Australia and the USA have a biacameral government system which consists of a dual governance structure. The federal government sits at the national level and essentially exists as an collective decision by the state government at local level. Such governance system allows both countries to achieve decentealization and delegate more power to the states to allow more independent approach in managing local issues.
    In comparison, New Zealand has a unicameral governance system that places strong emphasis on the role of central government. There is less accountability and less ability for local government to initiate changes as there is large reliance on funding and resource support from central government.

    Qiaochu Li

  14. Australia and the US have a similar federal system of government which is bicameral and the Parliament consisting of the House of Representatives and the Senate. The states join together to form a Commonwealth and a central government. The power of governance is shared between the central government and state governments.

    In comparison, New Zealand has a unicameral governance system with the Parliament consisting of a single House, the House of Representatives. This means there are less checks and balances compared to federal system. Moreover, the central government has much greater control over the local governments, such as over planning matters through directing funding.

    Michelle Chan

  15. Australia and the USA have similar governance systems in that both countries follow a bicameral style of government. Unlike Australia and the USA, New Zealand has no upper house nor do we have a federal state-level government. Australia and the USA is regarded as being more ‘Roman’ in democracy, with governance decisions being made solely based on whether one side can get a majority. In contrast, New Zealand follows a more ‘Greek’ style of governance, meaning different parties are more likely to engage in dialogue and consult with other parties to find a consensus. In New Zealand, local authorities have less power in decision making compared to the central government; this is in contrast to Australia and the USA.

    Brendan Versluys- 5918945

  16. Sujol Chand 5846566October 14, 2014 at 4:12 AM

    The United States and Australia both practice a bicameral government system. They both comprise of a House of Representatives, as well as a senate. Governance is distributed through the various States, which exercise power as they fall under power-granting statutory powers to their given boundaries.
    Inversely, New Zealand’s governance is unicameral consisting of a Central Government, and a Local Government with 78 Councils. New Zealand does not have an upper house in parliament, resulting in Central Government with more control over funding. The lack of funding from Local Government also restricts their activities. Ultimately, control is one-sided in New Zealand.

  17. The Australian governmental system is similar to that of the USA in that they both use a bicameral system - meaning the government comprises of a House of Representatives and a Senate. This distributes power between the whole nation as one through the central government, but also gives autonomy to the individual states.

    New Zealand's system differs from both Australia and the USA in that it uses a unicameral system. While the central government in NZ is given far more influence, there is no state government. Local government works under the central government and only has limited power.

    Sam Benson - 5283855

  18. Australia and the United States both have bicameral governance systems. In comparison, New Zealand has a unicameral governance system.

    Bicameral governance systems have state level governments and a federal government. Both have law making capacity but the federal government exists on the agreement of states and has limited powers when compared to state governments.

    In comparison, unicameral governance system in New Zealand only has the central government with law making capacity and it does not have an upper house. As a result, local governments in New Zealand have very limited powers and are less influential in planning and decision making when compared to local governments in Australia and the USA.

    Rishi Buggaveeti
    ID: 5679286

  19. Both Australia and the US have a federal bicameral governance system. In Australia Parliament is created through the Australian Constitution, composed of a senate and a House of Representatives. In the US congress (through a constitution) is composed of a senate and a House of Representatives. Additionally, the following similarities occur

    The House of Representatives is elected with electorate size (determined by voting)
    The senate represents the States equally
    Legislation has to be passed through Parliament/Congress
    The existence of an independent judiciary
    The NZ system is unicameral; Parliament has only one chamber (the House of Representatives, consisting of elected representatives), with no upper house (senate).
    Josh Kennedy

  20. Australia and U.S. have a federal government system and a bicameral legislature. The central government is a creation of the states. Thus it has limited power and influence on planning. The decision-making power remains with individual states. The main way for the central government to influence decision-making is through control of funding. The parliament consists of a House of Representatives and a Senate ensures greater checks and balances

    In comparison, New Zealand has a unicameral government legislature and a much centralised government system. There are fewer checks and balances and the local government has less power.

    Qiuan Wang #2904396