Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Lecture 3: United States Part 1

The concept of multi-level governance is gaining interest globally. It involves a partnership between local and central government in terms of creating strategies, rules and regulations. Give an example of how this process occurs in the United States.


  1. It was difficult to find an example of US multi-level governance as typically local government has independent power to make decisions, stemming from their culture of individualism, anchored in the US constitution. One example is the Department of Energy’s ‘Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program’. It dispersed grants to local governments to fund energy-efficient programmes. This is multi-governance in action; local authorities submitted projects and federal government reviewed, chose and sent back proposals allowing them to resubmit with improvements. The programme was well-funded, had enormous reach and allowed government levels that had never had contact to work together.

  2. Kate Richardson 5473245August 14, 2014 at 11:07 AM

    New Zealand's government operates with central government making rules, which are passed down to local level. Comparatively, America operates under multi-level governance system, which works top-down and bottom-up. The 50 states of America are self-governing, a response to America historically seeking to limit federal power and promote individual rights. An example of this process is when dealing with climate change. Central government have an Environmental-Protection-Agency but it is the states that set targets and indicators, such as the Marin-County-Greenhouse-Gas-Reduction-Plan.

    This framework requires more checks and balances, leading to better development, but discontinuity between states makes processing time consuming and expensive.

    (Kate Richardson, 5473245)